How to create violin plots using SAS9API and R
- Date August 30, 2019
- Written by Olga Pavlova
- Category R
This example shows how to create a violin plot for a SAS dataset using SAS9API.
Before you start using this guide you’ll need the following:
- Access to SAS9API proxy,
- R and RStudio installed.
Step 1 – Getting the libraries needed
We will create our violin plot using ggplot2 package and we will use some nice colours from RColorBrewer . Also we will need rsas9api package to send requests to SAS9API and to install it from GitHub we will need devtools package.
Packages devtools , ggplot2 and RColorBrewer are available on CRAN, so if you don’t have them already installed run the following code:
install.packages("ggplot2") install.packages("RColorBrewer") install.packages("devtools")
And to get rsas9api from GitHub run:
Now let’s load our packages:
library(rsas9api) library(ggplot2) library(RColorBrewer)
Packages are loaded and we can go to the next step.
Step 2 – Defining connection properties for SAS9API proxy
To send requests to SAS9API endpoints you need to define:
- URL for SAS9API proxy,
- SAS workspace server name.
You can do that by replacing your_url and your_server in the following code and then running it.
sas9api_url <- "your_url" sas_workspace_server_name <- "your_server"
After specifying connection properties we can send requests to SAS9API.
Step 3 – Getting SAS dataset data
We will be using retrieve_data function from rsas9api package. This function allows us to get data from a SAS dataset and to store it.
To send a request using retrieve_data function you will need to define:
- library name of the dataset (“SASHELP” in our case),
- dataset name (“CARS” in our case),
- limit number: number of records to get from the dataset (we will use the maximum value of 10000),
- offset number: number of records to skip from the beginning of dataset (we will leave it at 0),
- asDataFrame flag (TRUE in our case, as we want our request to return a dataset).
Let’s run the code:
data_cars <- retrieve_data(url = sas9api_url, serverName = sas_workspace_server_name, libraryName = "SASHELP", datasetName = "CARS", limit = 10000, offset = 0, asDataFrame = TRUE)
And let’s have a look at the top rows of the dataframe we received:
## Cylinders DriveTrain EngineSize Horsepower Invoice Length Make Model MPG_City MPG_Highway MSRP Origin Type Weight Wheelbase ## 1 6 All 3.5 265 33337 189 Acura MDX 17 23 36945 Asia SUV 4451 106 ## 2 4 Front 2.0 200 21761 172 Acura RSX Type S 2dr 24 31 23820 Asia Sedan 2778 101 ## 3 4 Front 2.4 200 24647 183 Acura TSX 4dr 22 29 26990 Asia Sedan 3230 105 ## 4 6 Front 3.2 270 30299 186 Acura TL 4dr 20 28 33195 Asia Sedan 3575 108 ## 5 6 Front 3.5 225 39014 197 Acura 3.5 RL 4dr 18 24 43755 Asia Sedan 3880 115 ## 6 6 Front 3.5 225 41100 197 Acura 3.5 RL w/Navigation 4dr 18 24 46100 Asia Sedan 3893 115
Now that we have the data we can start creating the plot.
Step 4 – Creating violin plot
For our plot we will define x axis as Type of vehicle and y axis as City mileage. To create a violin plot in ggplot2 we will use geom_violin geometry. We will set trim = FALSE to have long and thin tails (but you can try trim = TRUE as well). To fill our violins with nice colours we will use scale_fill_brewer function and palette = “Pastel1” .
Let’s run the code and see our plot!
ggplot(data_cars, aes(x = Type, y = MPG_City, fill = Type)) + geom_violin(trim = FALSE, lwd = 0.75) + scale_fill_brewer(palette = "Pastel1") + labs(title = "City Mileage per Type of vehicle", x = "Type of Vehicle", y = "City Mileage") + theme_bw() + theme(legend.position = "none")
In this article, we showed how we can create a violin plot for SAS data using SAS9API.
We used retrieve_data function from rsas9api package to get data from a SAS dataset in the dataframe format. SAS9API proxy allows you to send different requests to SAS server, including getting and posting data. And with the help of rsas9api package, you can send requests to all SAS9API endpoints using R language.
If you want to know how to create a similar violin plot using Python check this article.
To see other examples for SAS9API and R go to Examples > R page.
Feel free to contact us if you have any questions or comments!